Mayo Clinic Minute: Graves’ disease – when the thyroid is overactive

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune dysfunction that triggers the thyroid gland to provide extra thyroid hormones than the body wants. It’s the most typical reason behind hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid.

Dr. Marius Stan, a Mayo Clinic endocrinologist, has extra on this thyroid disorder

Editor’s word: January is National Thyroid Disease Awareness Month.

Watch: The Mayo Clinic Minute

Journalists: Broadcast-quality video pkg (1:05) is in the downloads at the finish of this publish. Please courtesy: “Mayo Clinic News Network.” Read the script.

“Thyroid, and mainly thyroid hormones, are the gas pedal, if you will, for the body,” says Dr. Stan.

“And as we’re pushing that gas pedal, metabolism accelerates, our heart rate beats faster, we feel hot, we can’t rest, we can’t sleep,” he says.

Other signs of Graves’ disease could embrace anxiety, weight loss, warmth sensitivity and bulging eyes.

“It’s a situation of an overactive thyroid that is caused by antibodies that we unfortunately produce that end up really whipping the thyroid into an overactive state,” he says.

The thyroid gland is situated at the base of the neck, slightly below the Adam’s apple.

Medications are sometimes the first line of treatment. When that does not work, surgery or radioactive iodine to destroy the thyroid tissue could also be an choice. 

Dr. Stan is main a number of scientific research trials concentrating on the dysfunction.

“I’m quite optimistic, looking at some of the early results of our trials, that there will be major benefits for patients in the coming years,” he says.

When to see a health care provider

Graves’ disease, the most typical reason behind hyperthyroidism, is extra frequent amongst women and in individuals youthful than age 40.

If you expertise unintentional weight loss, a speedy heartbeat, uncommon sweating, swelling at the base of your neck, or different indicators of hyperthyroidism, schedule an appointment along with your healthcare skilled. Make certain to speak all noticed signs, together with minor ones, throughout your appointment.

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