Past Israel-Hamas Cease-Fires Have Proved Fragile

Israel and Hamas have agreed to a four-day truce — but when the previous is any indication, there isn’t a assure that the pause in combating will maintain, a lot much less result in lasting peace.

The historical past of Israeli-Hamas hostilities is crammed with cease-fire agreements and truces that had been damaged or barely held. It’s grow to be an all-too-familiar cycle: an escalation of violence, a flurry of negotiations mediated by third nations, guarantees of eased blockades and a break in hostilities, adopted by a interval of fragile calm.

Here is a take a look at how some previous agreements have held up or collapsed.

  • May 2023: Egyptian negotiators mediated a cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, a militant group based mostly in Gaza that’s smaller than Hamas, ending 5 days of violence that killed 35 individuals. A day later, transient rocket hearth rattled nerves however the settlement appeared to carry.

  • May-June 2021: An 11-day battle that marked the worst flare-up of violence in Gaza since 2014 left 230 Gazans useless earlier than it ended with a cease-fire settlement. Less than a month later, Palestinian militants despatched incendiary balloons into southern Israel, and Israeli navy airstrikes hit targets inside Gaza, inflicting no casualties however testing the settlement.

  • July-August 2014: This main battle was set off by the kidnapping of three Israeli youngsters within the West Bank. Six days after Israel started bombarding Gaza, Egypt proposed a cease-fire that Israel agreed to. Hamas rejected it, saying none of its calls for had been addressed, and rocket volleys from Gaza and Israeli airstrikes resumed. Egypt introduced one other cease-fire two days later, however Israel then despatched in tanks and floor troops and started firing into Gaza from the ocean. In all, 9 truces got here and went earlier than the battle ended after 51 days and the deaths of greater than 2,000 Palestinians and 70 Israelis.

  • November 2012: Eight days of bloody battle between Israel and Hamas ended with a cease-fire, negotiated by the United States and Egypt, with a one-page memorandum of understanding that left lots of the points that sparked the violence unresolved and up for additional negotiation. Israel violated the cease-fire by firing on fishermen and farmers approaching newly relaxed safety perimeters, however in a concession it additionally allowed building supplies into Gaza for the primary time in years.

  • January 2009: Israel unilaterally introduced a cease-fire after a 22-day battle on Hamas by which greater than 1,300 Palestinians and 13 Israelis had been killed, saying it had achieved its objectives. Hamas and different armed Palestinian teams declared their very own cease-fire quickly afterward. Just two weeks later, militants launched rockets and shells into southern Israel, prompting Israel’s prime minister, Ehud Olmert, to threaten “disproportionate” retaliation and straining the cease-fire.

  • June 2008: Egypt brokered a six-month truce between Hamas and Israel, ending a interval of intense rocket hearth from Gaza and Israeli airstrikes and raids. Rocket assaults simply 5 days after the settlement threatened to derail it, however the peace largely held for 5 months. By November that 12 months, although, the cease-fire had unraveled, with either side accusing the opposite of failing to uphold the phrases.

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