Is David Cameron a Member of Parliament?

One distinctive characteristic of Britain’s political system is that ministers are required to carry a seat in Parliament to suggest laws and be held to account by fellow lawmakers.

But one other is that the federal government, when it must, can produce such a seat kind of out of skinny air by awarding the brand new minister a lifetime place within the Parliament’s much less highly effective, unelected higher chamber, the House of Lords.

That’s what Downing Street says will occur with David Cameron, who give up his parliamentary seat — in addition to the prime minister’s publish — after his defeat within the 2016 Brexit referendum.

The maneuver implies that Mr. Cameron can return to authorities without having to face an election.

It’s not the primary time within the fashionable period that a international secretary has been a member of the House of Lords, slightly than the House of Commons. Peter Carington, who turned Lord Carrington, carried out the position from 1979 to 1982 when Margaret Thatcher was prime minister.

The process may be a means of inserting an knowledgeable in a place of energy: In 2005, the Labour authorities on the time gave a House of Lords seat to at least one of its key advisers on an overhaul of the colleges system in order that he might change into a minister within the training division implementing the plan. (The adviser, Andrew Adonis, later went on to affix the cupboard as transport secretary.)

It also can permit for the summoning again of a political determine whose profession had gave the impression to be over. The precedent most frequently cited for what’s taking place with Mr. Cameron is that of Peter Mandelson, who was appointed to the Lords in 2008 to affix the cupboard of Gordon Brown, then the prime minister. Mr. Mandelson had give up Parliament a number of years earlier to take up a publish as a European Union official.

Mr. Mandelson’s profession additionally had lots of twists: He had already twice resigned, beneath pressure, from the cupboard of Mr. Brown’s predecessor, Tony Blair.

While the scenario shouldn’t be distinctive, having Mr. Cameron within the House of Lords might trigger tensions amongst lawmakers within the House of Commons as he’ll communicate immediately to not them however to an meeting of unelected members of the higher chamber.

Although Mr. Cameron’s return to a prime political job shocked Westminster on Monday, it may not have been such a massive shock in earlier eras. Since the 18th century, 14 prime ministers have come again to serve in governments led by others.

But in current many years such strikes have been uncommon. The final former prime minister to return to the cupboard was Alec Douglas-Home, who served as international secretary from 1970-74.

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