Mayo Clinic Minute: What is this bright red birthmark on my baby?

A hemangioma, often known as a strawberry birthmark, is a bright red birthmark that exhibits up within the first or second week of life. It seems to be like a rubbery bump and is made up of additional blood vessels within the pores and skin.

In this Mayo Clinic Minute, Dr. Megha Tollefson, a Mayo Clinic pediatric dermatologist, explains what caregivers ought to know if their little one has a hemangioma.

Watch: The Mayo Clinic Minute.

Journalists: Broadcast-quality video (1:10) is within the downloads on the finish of this publish. Please courtesy: “Mayo Clinic News Network.” Read the script.

Some infants might develop bright red birthmarks known as hemangiomas.

Dr. Tollefson says they’re technically tumors, however dad and mom should not let that title or their stark look fear them.

“They’re actually the most common tumor of infancy, happening anywhere from 1 in 20 to 1 in 50 babies. They are just a collection of blood vessels that grows in the first part of a baby’s life,” says Dr. Tollefson.

They’re extra frequent amongst infants born preterm. And they’ll seem wherever on the body, however generally contain the top and neck areas.

Another characteristic which may alarm dad and mom is the speedy charge of development. Dr. Tollefson says hemangiomas will proceed to develop till youngsters are about 6 to 9 months previous. At that time, they usually stabilize, then go away slowly.

“About 90% of hemangiomas resolve — or involute is what we call it — by age 4. So it’s a pretty slow process,” says Dr. Tollefson.

Treatment normally is not wanted. However, Dr. Tollefson says if the hemangioma interferes with imaginative and prescient, different features, has the potential to be cosmetically disfiguring, is massive or is rising quickly, infants must be evaluated for remedy.

“There are really two main treatments that we use now. The gold standard of treatment for a baby that needs a medicine by mouth is a heart medicine called propranolol.”

“That type of medicine is called a beta blocker. There’s also a topical form of that medicine, and there are some babies for whom that might be appropriate.”

Later in life, laser surgical procedure could also be an choice to deal with residual hemangiomas. But Dr. Tollefson says that is not at all times wanted.

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