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Consumer Health: Understanding metastatic brain cancer

May is Brain Cancer Awareness Month, which makes this time to study metastatic brain cancer.

Overall, the possibility {that a} person will develop a malignant tumor of the brain or spinal twine of their lifetime is lower than 1%, in response to the American Cancer Society. Nevertheless, practically 19,000 folks within the U.S. will die from brain and spinal twine tumors in 2023.

A brain tumor is a progress of cells within the brain or close to it, together with in nerves, the pituitary gland, the pineal gland and the membranes that cowl the floor of the brain.

Brain tumors that start in or close to the brain are known as major brain tumors. Sometimes, cancer spreads to the brain from different elements of the body. These tumors are secondary brain tumors, or metastatic brain tumors.

Any cancer can unfold, or metastasize, to the brain, however the varieties most definitely to trigger brain metastases are lung, breast, colon, kidney and melanoma.

Brain metastases might type one tumor or many tumors within the brain. As the metastatic brain tumors develop, they create pressure on and alter the operate of surrounding brain tissue. This causes indicators and signs, resembling headache, character modifications, reminiscence loss and seizures.

Treatment for brain metastases will help ease signs, sluggish tumor progress and prolong life. Even with profitable therapy, brain metastases usually recur, so your health care group will suggest shut follow-up after therapy.

Treatment choices for folks with brain metastases usually embrace medicine, surgical procedure, stereotactic radiosurgery, whole-brain radiation remedy or some mixture of those. In sure conditions, your therapy group might think about drug remedies for brain metastases. Because brain tumors can develop in elements of the brain that management motor expertise, speech, imaginative and prescient and pondering, rehabilitation could also be a mandatory a part of restoration.

The finest therapy plan for you’ll rely on the sort, dimension, quantity and site of the tumors, in addition to your indicators and signs, general health, and preferences. Talk together with your health care group about your targets for therapy.

Connect with others dwelling with metastatic brain cancer within the Brain Tumor Support Group on Mayo Clinic Connect, a web-based affected person neighborhood moderated by Mayo Clinic.

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